For my review of theoretical writings on Humanities and Sciences, I chose to reference:
Simone de Beavoir’s ‘The Second Sex’, which focuses on the idea that women have been held in a relationship of long-lasting oppression to man through her relegation to being man’s “Other”.
Luce Irigaray’s ‘Speculum of the Other Woman’ which analyzes how women become subjects if they assimilate to male subjectivity and that a separate subject position for women does not exist. (Her goal being to uncover the absence of true sexual difference in Western Culture)
Whitney Chadwick’s ‘Women, art and society’, which re-examines works by female artists and the ways in which they have been perceived. She also discusses developments in contemporary art; how women artists have revisited and challenged earlier feminist strategies.
“Identifying the ways that femininity is evidenced in representation”; “producing work which resists positioning women as an object for the male gaze” and “critiquing or transforming coercive, hierarchical structures of domination.”-Chadwick.
Women artists are now readdressing social inequalities, negotiating change and redrawing on spatial, social and subjective boundaries.
However, sometimes I wonder whether feminist analysis deconstructs the term around which it is originally and politically organized. I think that femininity and art can sometimes become self-canceling phrases.
Also, here are some references to the books if you’re interested:
- Chadwick.W, ‘Women, Art and Society’, Fourth Edition, 2007, Thames & Hudson Ltd, London.
- De Beauvoir.S, ‘The Second Sex’, 1972, Penguin Books, Hawthorn, Australia.
- Irigaray.L, ‘Speculum of the Other Woman’, 1985, Cornwell University Press, New York.